Documents used in foreign trade are classified according to their characteristics to be more descriptive. Movement Certificates and Certificates of Origin are classified under the heading of “Official Documents”.


Movement Certificates

1.     A.TR

In accordance with the Additional Protocol to the Association Agreement between Turkey and the European Union, and it established the Customs Union between the two sides, benefiting from mutual tariff concessions "Free Movement of Goods" is realized on the basis of principles. This document is used for the export of processed agricultural products and industrial products to European Union countries.

The products in free circulation for which the A.TR certificate is issued are as follows:

·       Originating in Turkey or the Community,

·       Goods that are wholly or partly originating from third countries, whose import procedures have been completed in Turkey or the Community, necessary customs duties, taxes and duties with equivalent effect have been collected, and have not benefited from a full or partial refund of these taxes and duties.

Countries for which A.TR Movement Certificate is issued are Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Southern Cyprus (No exports to this country) France, Croatia, Netherlands, England, Ireland, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Greece.

2.     EUR.1

It is a document issued for exports to EFTA (European Free Trade Association) countries, ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) products, exports to countries with which Turkey has signed free trade agreements, and agricultural products to the European Union.

Countries for which EUR.1 Movement Certificate is issued are Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Serbia, Morocco, Israel, Egypt, Syria (Suspended), Tunisia, Georgia, Palestine, Chile, Mauritius, Moldova, Faroe Islands (Eur-Med Document can also be issued.).


Certificates of Origin


1.     Form.A (Special Certificate of Origin)

It is a document showing the preferential origin of the goods, prepared in order to benefit from the concessional customs tax rates applied unilaterally by Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Russian Federation, Belarus and Ukraine within the framework of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP).

Although the USA and Australia apply GSP, it is not mandatory to issue a Form.A Certificate of Origin. 

2.     Certificate of Origin

It is a document showing the origin of the goods to be exported, that is, the place where it was produced. Certificate of Origin can be issued to all countries of the world, regardless of the type of goods and country.

Certificate of Origin prepared by the exporter is approved by the affiliated chamber of commerce or industry. It can also be approved by the embassy or consulate of the importing country.

Although the Certificate of Origin is not a mandatory document, it is prepared upon the request of the importing country. This document is used to determine the customs taxes more accurately. At the same time, it is necessary to prevent the import of the specified country in cases that may create an objectionable situation such as epidemics and economic precautions. 

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